Many STIs spread via body fluids, such as semen, vaginal fluids and blood. Some can also spread through mucous membranes.
STIs are mainly spread through sexual intercourse – both oral, anal and vaginal. However, they can also be spread through other means such as mother-child during childbirth or sharing of razors, needles etc..
How do i prevent getting a STI?
A way to avoid getting a STI is through abstinence.
Consistent condom use is also effective in prevention.
Preventive measures such as vaccination (HPV) and proper hygiene can help prevent STIs acquired from non-sexual means e.g. candidiasis.
I think I have a STI – how can I be sure?
Be aware that you can have a STI without having any symptoms. Therefore, it is important to get tested at a health clinic!
Most government health facilities offer screening services for STIs such as Syphilis and Gonorrhea either upon the patients request, or as a service provider initiated task.
In many pharmacies you can by a HIV self-test that allows you to test yourself at home.
To read more about HIV and how to get tested.Click here
I have a STI – what now?
If you find that you have an STI, you need to get treatment. See a professional at any health facility.
Treatment will be initiated at any health facility once an STI is detected and confirmed. Since treatment for most STIs involves use of antibiotics, it is important to acquire a prescription from a clinician so as to ensure you get the correct medication and at the right doses.